The Best Skin Care Products for Babies and Children



Welcome to Premier Health Rx’s guide on the best skin care products for babies and children. As parents, we understand the importance of nurturing our little ones’ delicate skin. Providing the right care is essential to keep their skin healthy, soft, and free from irritations.

In this article, we’ll explore the significance of proper baby and child skin care and guide you through the selection of the best

Ensuring your child’s skin remains comfortable and radiant is our priority. Let’s dive into the world of baby and child skin care together!

Importance of Proper Baby and Child Skin Care

The 10 Best Baby Lotions of 2023

Babies and children have delicate, sensitive skin that requires special care and attention. Proper skin care not only keeps their skin soft and healthy but also plays a crucial role in their overall well-being. Here’s why it’s essential:

1. Skin Barrier Development

Babies are born with a thin and fragile skin barrier. This barrier, made up of lipids and proteins, protects against environmental factors and prevents moisture loss. Proper skin care helps strengthen this barrier, reducing the risk of skin issues such as dryness, rashes, and infections.

2. Prevention of Irritations

Babies are susceptible to various skin irritations, including diaper rash, cradle cap, and eczema. Using gentle cleansers and moisturizers designed for infants can help prevent these discomforts. Regular skin care routines also ensure that irritants, like milk or saliva, don’t linger on the skin.

3. Sun Protection

Children’s skin is highly vulnerable to the sun’s harmful UV rays. Prolonged sun exposure can lead to sunburn and increase the risk of skin cancer later in life. Applying sunscreen to exposed skin and dressing your child in protective clothing are vital steps in shielding them from the sun’s harmful effects.

4. Building Healthy Habits

Teaching your child good skin care habits from an early age promotes overall hygiene and self-care. It sets the foundation for a lifetime of healthy skin practices. Encourage them to wash their hands regularly, apply moisturizer, and wear sunscreen when necessary.

5. Comfort and Confidence

When children have healthy, comfortable skin, they are less likely to experience discomfort or embarrassment due to skin issues. Proper skin care can boost their self-confidence, allowing them to focus on learning, playing, and growing.

6. Allergy Prevention

Some children are prone to skin allergies and sensitivities. By carefully selecting hypoallergenic and fragrance-free skin care products, you can reduce the risk of allergic reactions and keep their skin calm and irritation-free.

7. Bonding and Nurturing

Skincare routines, such as baby massages and baths, provide opportunities for bonding and nurturing. These moments strengthen the parent-child relationship and promote a sense of security and love.

8. Overall Well-Being

Proper skin care is not just about appearance; it’s about your child’s overall well-being. Healthy skin contributes to a healthy body and mind. It helps regulate body temperature, prevents infections, and ensures your child feels comfortable in their own skin.

Remember, every child’s skin is unique, so it’s crucial to choose products and routines tailored to their specific needs. Consult with pediatricians or dermatologists for personalized guidance, and invest in high-quality, gentle skin care products to provide the best care for your little one.

Choosing the Right Skin Care Products

The 22 Best Skin Care Products for Kids of 2023

When it comes to selecting skin care products for your precious little ones, making the right choices is paramount. Their sensitive skin requires gentle and safe formulations. Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you choose the perfect

1. Consult with a Pediatrician or Dermatologist

Before starting any new skin care routine, it’s advisable to consult with a pediatrician or dermatologist, especially if your child has specific skin conditions or allergies. They can provide personalized recommendations and identify potential concerns.

2. Look for Hypoallergenic Products

Opt for skin care products labeled as “hypoallergenic”. These are formulated to minimize the risk of allergic reactions and irritations, making them ideal for sensitive skin.

3. Fragrance-Free Formulations

Avoid products with strong fragrances, as they can be harsh on delicate skin. Fragrance-free options are gentler and less likely to cause irritation.

4. pH-Balanced Cleansers

Choose pH-balanced cleansers that match the natural pH level of your child’s skin. This helps maintain the skin’s protective barrier and prevents dryness.

5. Gentle Moisturizers

Invest in a good-quality, hypoallergenic moisturizer to keep your child’s skin hydrated and soft. Look for ingredients like shea butter, glycerin, or hyaluronic acid.

6. Sunscreen for UV Protection

Sunscreen is essential for children, especially during outdoor activities. Select a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher that is specifically designed for kids. Reapply it every two hours while outdoors.

7. Diaper Rash Creams

For diaper changes, use a diaper rash cream with zinc oxide or petrolatum to create a protective barrier and prevent irritation.

8. Baby Shampoos and Soaps

Opt for mild, tear-free baby shampoos and soaps. These are formulated to be gentle on the eyes and skin. Ensure they are free from harsh chemicals.

9. Consider Specialized Solutions

If your child has specific skin conditions like eczema or cradle cap, consult your healthcare provider for specialized solutions and products designed to manage these conditions.

10. Allergy Testing

If your child has a history of allergies, consider allergy testing to identify potential triggers. This information can help you select products that are safe for them.

11. Patch Testing

Before applying a new product all over your child’s skin, perform a patch test. Apply a small amount to a small area and wait for any adverse reactions for 24 hours.

12. Check Product Labels

Always read product labels carefully. Look for ingredients to avoid, such as parabens, sulfates, and phthalates. Opt for products with minimal, natural ingredients.

Remember, every child’s skin is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. Pay attention to your child’s skin reactions and adapt your routine as needed. Prioritize their comfort and well-being by selecting the gentlest, safest, and most suitable skin care products available.

1. Gentle Cleansers

Best Baby Shampoos & Washes: Eczema, Gentle, Dry Skin, and More

Choosing the right cleanser for your baby or child is crucial as it forms the foundation of their skin care routine. Gentle cleansers are designed to effectively clean the skin while maintaining its natural moisture and pH balance. Here’s what you need to know:

Why Use Gentle Cleansers?

Gentle cleansers are specifically formulated to cater to the sensitive nature of baby and child skin. They offer the following benefits:

  • Mild Ingredients: They contain mild, hypoallergenic ingredients that reduce the risk of irritation or allergic reactions.
  • pH-Balanced: They have a pH level that matches the skin’s natural acidity, preventing dryness and maintaining the skin’s protective barrier.
  • Soap-Free: They are typically soap-free to avoid harsh cleansing agents that can strip the skin of essential oils.
  • No Harsh Fragrances: They are fragrance-free or have a mild fragrance to prevent skin sensitization.

How to Choose the Right Gentle Cleanser

When selecting a gentle cleanser for your child, consider the following factors:

  1. Skin Type: Determine if your child has normal, dry, oily, or sensitive skin. Choose a cleanser that matches their skin type.
  2. Hypoallergenic: Look for the “hypoallergenic” label to minimize the risk of allergic reactions.
  3. Ingredients: Check the ingredient list for gentle components like glycerin, aloe vera, or chamomile.
  4. Fragrance: Opt for fragrance-free cleansers or those with minimal, natural scents.
  5. Doctor’s Recommendation: If your child has skin conditions like eczema or dermatitis, consult a pediatrician or dermatologist for product recommendations.

How to Use Gentle Cleansers

Here’s a simple step-by-step guide on using gentle cleansers for your baby or child:

  1. Wet: Wet your child’s skin with lukewarm water.
  2. Apply: Apply a small amount of the gentle cleanser to your hand or a soft washcloth.
  3. Gently Cleanse: Gently massage the cleanser onto your child’s skin using circular motions.
  4. Rinse: Rinse thoroughly with lukewarm water, ensuring all cleanser is removed.
  5. Pat Dry: Pat the skin dry with a soft towel, avoiding harsh rubbing.

Remember to follow your child’s specific skin care needs and preferences. Regular use of a gentle cleanser helps keep their skin clean, fresh, and free from irritations, ensuring a comfortable and healthy start to their skin care routine.

2. Moisturizers

The 13 Best Baby Skincare Products of 2023

Moisturizing is a vital step in any baby or child’s skin care routine. It helps maintain the skin’s natural moisture, prevents dryness, and ensures a soft and healthy complexion. Here’s everything you need to know about using moisturizers:

Why Use Moisturizers?

Moisturizers are essential for baby and child skin care for the following reasons:

  • Hydration: They provide essential hydration to the skin, preventing dryness and flakiness.
  • Barrier Function: Moisturizers help strengthen the skin’s natural barrier, reducing the risk of irritations and infections.
  • Comfort: Well-moisturized skin is more comfortable and less prone to itching or discomfort.
  • Protection: Some moisturizers contain added sunscreens to protect delicate skin from harmful UV rays.

Choosing the Right Moisturizer

When selecting a moisturizer for your child, consider the following factors:

  1. Skin Type: Determine if your child has dry, oily, sensitive, or normal skin. Choose a moisturizer designed for their specific skin type.
  2. Ingredients: Look for moisturizers with gentle, natural ingredients such as shea butter, cocoa butter, or jojoba oil.
  3. Hydration Level: Consider the level of hydration needed. Creams are heavier and more moisturizing, while lotions are lighter.
  4. Fragrance: Opt for fragrance-free or mildly scented moisturizers to avoid skin sensitization.
  5. Special Concerns: If your child has eczema or other skin conditions, consult a healthcare provider for specialized moisturizer recommendations.

How to Apply Moisturizers

Here’s a step-by-step guide on using moisturizers for your baby or child:

  1. Cleanse First: Ensure the skin is clean and dry before applying moisturizer.
  2. Use a Pea-Sized Amount: Take a small amount of moisturizer and warm it between your hands.
  3. Gently Apply: Gently massage the moisturizer onto your child’s skin, using upward and outward motions.
  4. Focus on Dry Areas: Pay special attention to dry areas like elbows, knees, and hands.
  5. Avoid Eyes: Be careful to avoid the eye area, and don’t apply too close to the eyes.
  6. Reapply as Needed: Reapply moisturizer as needed throughout the day, especially after baths or when the skin feels dry.

Keep Hydrated

In addition to using moisturizers, ensure your child stays well-hydrated by encouraging them to drink enough water. Hydration from within complements external skin care efforts, keeping their skin soft and supple.

By following these moisturizing guidelines, you’ll help maintain your child’s skin’s health and comfort, preventing dryness and ensuring a happy and radiant complexion.

3. Sunscreen

The 10 Best Sunscreens for Babies of 2023, Approved by Parents and Dermatologists

Sunscreen is a crucial component of protecting your child’s delicate skin from the harmful effects of the sun. Here’s what you need to know about using sunscreen effectively:

Why Use Sunscreen?

Sunscreen is essential for the following reasons:

  • UV Protection: It shields the skin from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays, preventing sunburn and reducing the risk of skin cancer in the future.
  • Preventing Sun Damage: Sunscreen helps prevent premature aging signs such as wrinkles, age spots, and skin discoloration.
  • Sun Safety: It promotes sun safety habits from an early age, protecting children’s skin during outdoor activities.

Choosing the Right Sunscreen

Selecting the right sunscreen for your child is essential for effective sun protection:

  1. Sun Protection Factor (SPF): Choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher for adequate protection against both UVA and UVB rays.
  2. Water-Resistant: Opt for water-resistant sunscreen, especially for water activities, and reapply after swimming or sweating.
  3. Hypoallergenic: Look for sunscreen labeled as hypoallergenic to minimize the risk of skin irritations.
  4. Appropriate Type: Select a sunscreen specifically designed for children, as these are formulated to be gentle on their skin.
  5. Fragrance-Free: Avoid sunscreens with strong fragrances, which can irritate sensitive skin.
  6. Expiration Date: Check the expiration date to ensure the effectiveness of the product.

How to Apply Sunscreen

Proper application of sunscreen is crucial for effective sun protection:

  1. Apply Generously: Use a generous amount of sunscreen and apply it evenly to all exposed skin areas.
  2. Apply Early: Apply sunscreen 15-30 minutes before sun exposure to allow it to absorb into the skin.
  3. Reapply Frequently: Reapply sunscreen every two hours, or more often if your child is swimming or sweating heavily.
  4. Cover All Areas: Ensure you cover all exposed areas, including the face, ears, neck, arms, and legs.
  5. Eye Protection: Be cautious around the eyes, and use sunglasses with UV protection to shield their eyes.

Sun Safety Tips

In addition to sunscreen, follow these sun safety tips:

  • Seek Shade: Encourage your child to play in the shade, especially during peak sun hours (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.).
  • Protective Clothing: Dress your child in lightweight, long-sleeved clothing, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses.
  • Stay Hydrated: Keep your child well-hydrated with water to prevent dehydration in the sun.

By following these sunscreen and sun safety guidelines, you’ll help protect your child’s skin from the sun’s harmful effects, ensuring they can enjoy outdoor activities safely.

4. Diaper Rash Creams

9 Best Diaper Rash Creams of 2023, Tested & Reviewed

Diaper rash is a common concern among babies and toddlers, and using the right diaper rash cream is essential for soothing and preventing this discomfort. Here’s what you need to know:

Why Use Diaper Rash Creams?

Diaper rash creams are essential for the following reasons:

  • Preventing and Soothing Irritation: They create a protective barrier on the skin, preventing moisture and irritants from causing or worsening diaper rash.
  • Reducing Discomfort: Diaper rash creams help reduce redness, swelling, and discomfort associated with diaper rash, allowing your child to feel more comfortable.
  • Promoting Healing: They aid in the healing process by providing a moist environment for the skin to recover.

Choosing the Right Diaper Rash Cream

When selecting a diaper rash cream, consider the following factors:

  1. Ingredients: Look for creams containing zinc oxide, petrolatum, or lanolin, as these create effective barriers against moisture.
  2. Fragrance-Free: Opt for fragrance-free creams to minimize the risk of skin irritation.
  3. Hypoallergenic: Choose creams labeled as hypoallergenic to reduce the chance of allergic reactions.
  4. Severity: Select a cream based on the severity of the diaper rash. Thicker creams are ideal for more severe rashes.
  5. Easy Application: Consider creams that are easy to apply and clean off during diaper changes.

How to Apply Diaper Rash Creams

Proper application of diaper rash creams is crucial for effective relief:

  1. Cleanse and Dry: During diaper changes, clean your child’s bottom gently with warm water and a soft cloth. Pat the area dry.
  2. Apply Liberally: Apply a generous amount of diaper rash cream to the affected area, ensuring complete coverage.
  3. Use at Every Change: Use diaper rash cream at every diaper change, even if there are no signs of a rash, to prevent future occurrences.
  4. Avoid Rubbing: Be gentle when applying the cream, avoiding any rubbing or friction on the already irritated skin.

Additional Tips

Here are some additional tips for managing and preventing diaper rash:

  • Frequent Diaper Changes: Change your child’s diaper frequently, and ensure it’s not too tight to allow airflow.
  • Air Time: Provide some diaper-free time to allow your child’s skin to breathe and heal.
  • Mild Soaps: Use mild, fragrance-free baby soaps during baths to avoid further irritation.
  • Consult a Pediatrician: If the diaper rash persists or worsens, consult your pediatrician for further evaluation.

By following these diaper rash cream guidelines and additional tips, you can effectively manage and prevent diaper rash, ensuring your child’s comfort and well-being.

5. Baby Shampoos and Soaps

Best baby shampoo and wash | BabyCenter

Choosing the right baby shampoos and soaps is essential for maintaining your child’s cleanliness while being gentle on their delicate skin and hair. Here’s what you need to know:

Why Use Baby Shampoos and Soaps?

Using baby-specific shampoos and soaps is crucial for the following reasons:

  • Gentle Cleaning: They are formulated to provide effective yet gentle cleansing suitable for sensitive baby skin.
  • Eye Safety: Baby shampoos and soaps are typically tear-free, preventing stinging or discomfort if they come into contact with the eyes.
  • Skin Sensitivity: They are less likely to cause skin irritations, allergies, or dryness compared to regular adult products.

Choosing the Right Baby Shampoo and Soap

When selecting baby shampoos and soaps, consider the following factors:

  1. Ingredients: Look for products with gentle, natural ingredients like chamomile, aloe vera, or calendula, and avoid harsh chemicals.
  2. Fragrance: Opt for fragrance-free or mildly scented options to minimize skin sensitization.
  3. pH-Balanced: Choose products that are pH-balanced to maintain the natural acidity of your child’s skin, preventing dryness.
  4. Hypoallergenic: Look for products labeled as hypoallergenic to reduce the risk of allergic reactions.

How to Use Baby Shampoos and Soaps

Proper application of baby shampoos and soaps is essential for effective cleaning:

  1. Wet Hair and Body: Wet your child’s hair and body with warm water.
  2. Apply Gently: Apply a small amount of baby shampoo or soap to your hand or a washcloth.
  3. Gently Cleanse: Gently massage the shampoo or soap onto your child’s skin and hair, using circular motions.
  4. Rinse Thoroughly: Rinse your child’s hair and body thoroughly with warm water, ensuring no product residue remains.
  5. Pat Dry: Pat the skin dry with a soft towel, avoiding harsh rubbing.

Additional Tips

Here are some additional tips for using baby shampoos and soaps:

  • Bath Frequency: Babies and young children typically don’t need daily baths. 2-3 times a week is usually sufficient, with daily spot-cleaning as needed.
  • Baby-Friendly Products: Use baby-specific products for all skin and hair care needs to ensure compatibility with their sensitive skin.
  • Temperature: Ensure the bathwater is comfortably warm, not too hot, to avoid drying out the skin.
  • Consistent Routine: Establish a consistent bath and skincare routine to help your child become accustomed to the process.

By following these guidelines and additional tips, you can effectively clean your child’s skin and hair while keeping them comfortable and happy during bath time.

6. Skin Conditions and Special Care

The 13 Best Baby Skincare Products of 2023

Children may encounter various skin conditions that require special care and attention. Here, we’ll discuss some common skin issues and how to manage them:

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

Eczema is a chronic skin condition characterized by red, itchy, and inflamed skin. To manage eczema in children:

  • Mild Cleansers: Use gentle, fragrance-free cleansers to avoid irritating the skin.
  • Hydration: Apply hypoallergenic moisturizers regularly to keep the skin hydrated.
  • Avoid Triggers: Identify and minimize triggers like certain fabrics or allergens.
  • Prescribed Medications: Consult a dermatologist for prescription creams or ointments if necessary.

Cradle Cap

Cradle cap is a common condition in infants, characterized by scaly patches on the scalp. To manage cradle cap:

  • Gentle Shampoo: Use a mild, baby-specific shampoo to wash the scalp.
  • Soft Brush: Gently brush the affected area with a soft baby brush to loosen scales.
  • Hydration: Apply a small amount of baby oil to soften and remove scales.

Diaper Dermatitis (Diaper Rash)

Diaper rash is common in babies and can be prevented and managed with these tips:

  • Frequent Changes: Change diapers frequently and ensure they aren’t too tight.
  • Barrier Creams: Apply diaper rash creams with zinc oxide during changes.
  • Diaper-Free Time: Allow your child to have diaper-free time to air out their skin.


Many babies have birthmarks that usually fade over time. There are two main types:

  • Strawberry Hemangiomas: These often appear shortly after birth and usually fade by age 5.
  • Port Wine Stains: These may require medical attention if they affect a sensitive area like the face.

Consult a Pediatrician or Dermatologist

If your child has persistent skin issues, it’s essential to consult a pediatrician or dermatologist for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. They can provide specialized guidance and recommend suitable skincare products.

Skin Allergies and Sensitivities

Children may develop skin allergies or sensitivities to certain products or substances. To manage these:

  • Patch Testing: If you suspect an allergy, consider patch testing to identify triggers.
  • Hypoallergenic Products: Use hypoallergenic and fragrance-free products to minimize reactions.
  • Avoid Irritants: Stay informed about common irritants and avoid products containing them.

Remember that every child’s skin is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. Pay close attention to your child’s skin reactions, consult with healthcare providers when necessary, and tailor your skincare routine to their specific needs.


1. How often should I bathe my baby or child?

Babies and young children typically don’t need daily baths. Two to three times a week is usually sufficient for infants, while older children may benefit from bathing every other day. Frequent bathing can strip the skin of natural oils, leading to dryness.

2. Can I use regular adult skincare products on my child?

It’s best to avoid using regular adult skincare products on your child, as they may contain harsh ingredients that can irritate sensitive skin. Stick to baby-specific or child-specific products, which are formulated to be gentle and safe for their delicate skin.

3. How do I know if my child has sensitive skin?

Sensitive skin in children can manifest as redness, dryness, itching, or rash after exposure to certain products or environmental factors. If you notice these symptoms, it’s essential to switch to hypoallergenic and fragrance-free products and consult a healthcare provider if the issue persists.

4. When should I start using sunscreen on my child?

Sunscreen can be used on infants as young as six months, but it’s essential to choose a sunscreen specifically designed for babies with a minimum SPF of 30. Ensure you apply it generously and regularly, especially when your child is exposed to the sun.

5. How can I treat diaper rash effectively?

To treat diaper rash, keep the area clean and dry, change diapers frequently, and use a diaper rash cream with zinc oxide. Additionally, provide diaper-free time to allow the skin to breathe, and consult a pediatrician if the rash persists or worsens.

6. Can I use baby oil for moisturizing?

Yes, baby oil can be used for moisturizing, but it’s essential to choose a mild, hypoallergenic baby oil and apply it sparingly to avoid a greasy feeling. Baby-specific moisturizers are often preferred, as they are formulated to suit sensitive skin.

7. Are natural or organic products better for my child’s skin?

Natural and organic products can be beneficial for children’s skin, but it’s essential to check the ingredient list and ensure they are free from harsh chemicals. Not all natural products are suitable, so prioritize products labeled as hypoallergenic and fragrance-free.

8. What should I do if my child develops a skin allergy?

If your child develops a skin allergy, discontinue the use of the suspected product, and consult a healthcare provider for guidance. They can recommend suitable treatments and perform allergy testing if necessary to identify triggers.

Remember that each child’s skin is unique, and it may take some trial and error to find the perfect skincare routine that works for them. Always prioritize products that are gentle, safe, and suitable for their specific needs.


Proper skincare for babies and children is essential to ensure their skin remains healthy, comfortable, and free from common issues. Throughout this guide, we’ve explored the importance of using the right products, understanding your child’s unique skin needs, and adopting good skincare practices.

Here are some key takeaways to remember:

  • Choose Gentle Products: Opt for baby-specific and hypoallergenic skincare products that are formulated to be gentle on delicate skin.
  • Consider Skin Sensitivity: Pay attention to your child’s skin sensitivity and adjust your skincare routine and product choices accordingly.
  • Practice Sun Safety: Start using sunscreen when appropriate, and encourage sun safety habits to protect your child from harmful UV rays.
  • Identify and Manage Skin Conditions: Be aware of common skin conditions like diaper rash, eczema, and cradle cap, and learn how to manage and care for them effectively.
  • Consult Healthcare Professionals: When in doubt or if skin issues persist, consult pediatricians or dermatologists for expert guidance.

By following these guidelines and staying informed about your child’s skincare needs, you can help ensure that they grow up with healthy, glowing skin. Remember that every child’s skin is unique, so tailor your skincare routine to their specific requirements, and prioritize their comfort and well-being.

Thank you for reading, and we hope this guide has been valuable in your journey to provide the best possible skincare for your little one.

Final Thoughts on Baby and Child Skin Care

Ensuring the health and well-being of your baby’s or child’s skin is a top priority for every parent. Your child’s skin is delicate, and proper care from an early age can help maintain its natural beauty and protect it from common skin issues.

Throughout this comprehensive guide, we’ve explored the significance of using the right skincare products, recognizing and addressing skin conditions, practicing sun safety, and maintaining a consistent and gentle skincare routine. Here are some final thoughts to keep in mind:

  • Personalized Care: Every child’s skin is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. Pay close attention to your child’s skin’s needs and adjust your skincare practices accordingly.
  • Consult Professionals: If you’re unsure about any aspect of your child’s skin care or if skin issues persist, don’t hesitate to consult with pediatricians or dermatologists. They can provide expert guidance.
  • Be Sun Smart: Sun safety is crucial to protect your child’s skin from harmful UV rays. Start using sunscreen at the appropriate age and instill sun safety habits early on.
  • Patient Trial and Error: Managing skin conditions or finding the perfect skincare products for your child may involve some trial and error. Be patient and persistent in your efforts.

Your commitment to providing the best skincare for your child reflects your love and care as a parent. By staying informed, using gentle products, and seeking professional advice when necessary, you can help your child enjoy healthy, comfortable, and radiant skin as they grow.

We hope this guide has been a valuable resource in your parenting journey. Thank you for prioritizing your child’s skin health, and may their skin always glow with the joy of youth.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *